Discussing Questions And Answers About Dog Food For Lymphoma

David asks…

Thinking of getting a ferret: What to be concerned with since I have two dogs?

(i.e. diseases, vet expenses, etc)

Jimmy answers:

Well, you’d have to slowly introduce the ferrets to your dogs. Ferrets are pretty fearless and you have to worry more about what the dog will do than the ferrets.

They are prone to cancer later in life: adrenal disease. Lymphoma, and insulinoma. These are usually treated with medication, and in some instances, surgery. Medication is fairly inexpensive. Surgery is not.
They can also get fleas and ear mites (though I’ve never had a ferret go deaf from mites. They would have to be very severe for a prolonged period for that to happen!) Both are easily treated with Revolution (a topical treatment)

They should also be vaccinated yearly for canine distemper and rabies. At my vet, these cost $25 each, plus the cost of the visit.

There are many expenses associated with ferrets (cage, food, litter, hammocks, beds, toys, etc) so it’s a good idea to have at least $500 saved up.

Sandra asks…

Pigs are such cute creatures with adorable noses. Why do people still eat them?

Jimmy answers:

Honestly, because it is tradition in many western cultures. Although, thankfully, the light is being shined on the intelligence of pigs, and how they are actually more social and smarter than dogs! More and more people every day are realizing that eating an animal that would much rather sit on your couch with you and watch TV is not acceptable.Did you know, pigs are very clean animals? They keep their toilets far from their living or eating area. Even piglets only a few hours old will leave the nest to relieve themselves. They only roll in mud to keep them selves cool (since they don’t sweat) and roll in dirt to regulate their health (much like ducks need water). They even call them selves and other pigs by names and have specific dialects!
Domestic pigs are rarely aggressive, too. The only exceptions are sows with a young litter and boars if provoked, and pigs raised in abusive and confined environments.

Only pigs in movies spend their lives running across pastures and in the sun. In the U.S., there are more than 65 million pigs on factory farms. Mother pigs (sows)—who account for almost 6 million of the pigs in the U.S.—spend most of their lives in individual “gestation” crates. These crates are about 7 feet long and 2 feet wide. Too small to turn around. After giving birth to piglets, sows are moved to “farrowing” crates, which are wide enough for them to lie down and nurse their babies but not big enough for them to move. Piglets are separated from their mothers when they are 10 days old. Once her piglets are gone, the sow is impregnated again for three or four years before she is slaughtered. This intensive confinement produces stress and behavior, such as chewing on cage bars and obsessively pressing against water bottles.
After they are taken from their mothers, piglets are confined to pens until they are separated to be raised for breeding or meat. Every year in the U.S., 50 million male piglets are castrated without being given any painkillers because people who eat pork complain of “boar taint” in meat that comes from intact animals.
In crowded conditions, piglets are prone to stress-related behavior such as cannibalism and tail-biting, so farmers often chop off piglets’ tails and use pliers to break off the ends of their teeth—without giving them any painkillers. A PETA investigation found that workers at an Oklahoma farm were killing pigs by slamming the animals’ heads against the floor and beating them with a hammer. At a Hormel supplier in Iowa, . Workers beat pigs with metal gate rods and jabbed clothespins into pigs’ eyes and faces.
Farms all over North America ship piglets to Corn Belt states such as Illinois and Indiana for “growing” and “finishing.” When they are transported on trucks, piglets weighing up to 100 pounds are given no more than 2.4 square feet and “probably will get sick within a few days after arrival.” One study confirmed that vibrations, like those made by a moving truck, are “very aversive” to pigs. Once pigs reach “market weight” , they are sent to slaughter. According to industry reports, more than 1 million pigs die en route to slaughter each year. There are no laws to regulate the duration of transport, frequency of rest, or provision of food and water for the animals. There are no federal laws to regulate the voltage or use of electric prods on pigs, and a study showed that when electric prods were used, pigs “vocalized, lost their balance, and tr[ied] to jump out of the loading area” and that their “[h]eart rate and body temperature was significantly higher.”
Researchers for the National Cancer Institute have found that eating meat raises men’s risk of prostate cancer. A study from Yale University reports that meat-based diets can cause cancers of the stomach and esophagus as well as lymphoma. A study of more than 90,000 women concluded that “frequent consumption of bacon, hot dogs, and sausage was … associated with an increased risk of diabetes.” Scientists have also found that people who regularly eat hot dogs, sausages, or other processed or cured meats suffer from a 70 percent increase in pancreatic cancer rates. According to another study, the children of pregnant women who consume cured meats on a daily basis run a “substantial risk of [growing a] paediatric brain tumour.” Because crowding creates an environment conducive to the spread of disease, pigs on factory farms are fed and sprayed with huge amounts of pesticides and antibiotics. The pesticides and antibiotics remain in their bodies and are passed along to people who eat them, creating serious health hazards to humans. Pigs and other factory-farmed animals are fed 20 million pounds of antibiotics each year, and scientists believe that meat-eaters’ involuntary consumption of these drugs gives rise to strains of bacteria that are resistant to treatment

James asks…

Can someone please help me understand a Vet’s medical terminology regarding my Cat’s medical history?

The vet has disappeared to who knows where. Would someone please help me understand what the following terms mean? They appear on the medical history that was written up during her last check-up. (Please note: the left margin of the page is somewhat missing because of the fax machine. I’ve tried – in some cases – to make out or guess what letters they were.) Also, does any of this technical data specifically refer to the checking of gums or teeth for disease?

No V/D
No Pu/PD
BAR, caution H, mm=pi
EENT: Muzzled, mild NS, IA
Hor: HR=180, NMA, lungs C&E, SSP
LG: F/S, No d/c, No MGTS
NSI: AMB x 4 BCS=5/9 GHC
Nuno: CNI

Thank you all very, very, VERY much for your time and kind assistance. I can’t tell you how much I appreciate the help:)

Jimmy answers:

No V/D (no vomiting or diarrhea)
No Pu/PD (no polyuria/no polydipsia-which means no increased urinations or increased water intake)
BAR, caution H, mm=pi (BAR-bright alert and responsive, i’m not sure what caution H means, perhaps he is difficult to handle, mm=pi means mucus membranes are pink-which is good)
HR=180-heart rate 180
BCS 5/9-body condition score is 5 out of nine, which is ideal (way to judge if animal is underweight or overweight)
CBC-complete blood count-it is a blood test to count red blood cells and type of white blood cells, routine test.

The clinics i have worked at don’t the other shorthand listed here. I don’t want to make guesses and be wrong.

I just found this list of abbreviations from (http://www.vin.com/main/misc/m05000/m00162.htm)

AB or Abx – Antibiotic(s)
Abd – abdomen
ABG – Arterial Blood Gasses
ACEI -Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor
ACTH – Adrenal CorticoTrophic Hormone
ADH – AntiDiuretic Hormone
ADR – Ain’t Doing Right
AF – Atrial Fibrillation
AIHA – Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
ANP – Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
APC – Atrial Premature Contraction
ARDS – Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ARF – Acute renal failure
ASIT – Allergen-specific immunotherapy, Antigen-Specific ImmunoTherapy
AT – Adrenal Tumor
ATE – Aortic thromboembolism
AT I – Angiotensin I
AT II – Angiotensin II
AT III or AT 3 – Antithrombin Three
ATT – At This Time
B/F – Before
BAL – Brocho-aleveolar lavage
BARH – Bright, Alert, Responsive and Hydrated
BBB – Blood Brain Barrier
BDLD – “Big Dog/Little Dog”
BID – Twice per day
BMBT – Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time
C/S – Culture and Sensitivity
CBC – Complete Blood Count
CC – Chief Complaint
CDA/CMA – Color Dilution Alopecia, Color Mutant Alopecia
CDI – Central Diabetes Insipidus
CEM – Client Education Materials
CESF – Circular External Skeletal Fixator
CHESF – Circular Hybrid External Fixator (combination CESF/ ESF)
CHF – Congestive Heart Failure
CHO – Carbohydrate
CKD – Chronic Kidney Disease
CMO – Cranio-Mandibular Osteopathy and Craniomandibular Osteopathy
cPLI – Canine Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity
CR – Computed Radiography
CRF – Chronic Renal Failure
CRI – Constant Rate Infusion
CSVD – Coughing, Sneezing, Vomiting, Diarrhea
CTCL – Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
CVT – Certified Veterinary Technician
CXR – Chest X-Ray (Radiograph)
D – Diarrhea
DAMNITV – Degenerative/Developmental, Allergic/Autoimmune/Anomalous, Metabolic/Mechanical, Neoplastic/Neurologic/Nutritional, Idiopathic/Immune/Inflammatory/Infectious/Iatrogenic, Traumatic/Toxic, Vascular
DAR – Dorsal Acetabular Rim
Dig – Digoxin
D/C – Discontinue or Discharge
DCM – Dilated CardioMyopathy
DDAVP – Desmopressin Acetate
DDD – Degenerative Disc Disease
DDX – Differential Diagnosis
DES – Diethylstilbesterol
DJD – Degenerative Joint Disease
DLH – Domestic Long Haired
DMH – Domestic Medium Haired
DOCA – Desoxycorticosterone Acetate
DOCP – Desoxycorticosterone Pivalate
DR – Digital Radiography
DSH – Domestic Short Hair (cat)
DTM – Dermatophyte Test Medium
Dx – Diagnosis
ECE – Epizootic Catarrhal Enteritis
ECG – Electrocardiogram
EDUD – Eating, drinking, urinating, and defecating
EENT – Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat (Teeth)
EF – Ejection Fraction
EGC – Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex
EKG – see ECG
EPI – Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
EQ – Equine
ERD – Early Renal Disease; ERD Urine Screen Test; Early Retinal Degeneration; Extrapolated Response Dose; Erosive Reflux Disease.
ESF – External Skeletal Fixator
FATE – Feline aortic thromboembolism
FDA – Food and Drug Administration
Fel – Feline
FFP – Fresh Frozen Plasma
FHNEA – Femoral Head and Neck Excisional Arthroplasty
FHNO – Femoral Head and Neck Ostectomy
FHO – Femoral Head Ostectomy
FHO/FHNEA – Femoral Head Excision Arthroplasty
FHT – Fibular Head Transposition
FLUTD – Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
FORL – Feline Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesion
FS – Fractional Shortening
FS – Female, Spayed
FU – Follow Up in reference to next lab procedure, re-evaluation, etc.
GALT – GI Accessory Lymphoid Tissue
GDV – Gastic Dilatation Volvulus
GIF-Tube – Greta Implantable Fluid Tube
GFR – Glomerular Filtration Rate
GME – Granulomatous MeningoEncephalitis
GSW – Gun Shot Wound
HAC – HyperAdrenoCorticism
HBC – Hit By Car
HCM – Hypertrophic CardioMyopathy
HDDST – High Dose Dexamethasone Suppression Test
HDM – House Dust Mite
H/L – Heart & Lungs
HPA – Hypothalamic Pituitary-Adrenal axis
HPP – Heat-Precipitable Protein (on large animal Complete Blood Count)
HR – Heart Rate
HTS – Hypertonic Saline
HUC – Histiocytic Ulcerative Colitis; Boxer Colitis
HW – Heartworm
Hx – History
IDAT – IntraDermal Allergy Test
IME – In My Experience
IMHO – In My Humble Opinion
IPPV – Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation
IRIS – International Renal Interest Society
ISC – idiopathic sterile cystitis
IT – ImmunoTherapy
ITP – Immune-mediated Thrombocytopenia
IWOP – In With Other Pet
JPS – Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis
K9 – Canine
LN – Lymph Node(s)
LA – Left Atrium
LDDST – Low Dose Dexamethasone Suppression Test
LFT – Liver Function Test
LRIT – Lateral Retinacular Imbrication Technique
LSA – LymphoSArcoma
LV – Left Ventricle
LVEDD – Left Ventricular End Diastolic Dimension
LVESD – Left Ventricular End Systolic Dimension
LVT – Licensed Veterinary Technician
MC – Male Castrated
MCT – Mast Cell Tumor or Medium Chain Triglycerides
MDB – minimum database (usually considered to be a complete blood count, serum chemistry panel that includes electrolytes, complete UA)
ME – Metabolizable Energy
MEMO – Multimodal Environmental MOdification (MEMO) therapy
MEN – Metabolic Epidermal Necrosis (synonym for SND, NME, hepatocutaneous syndrome)
MER – Maintenance Energy Requirements
MI – Mitral Insufficiency – in humans commonly used for Myocardial Infarction
MIC – Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
MN – Male, Neutered/Castrated
MODS -Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
MOTT – Modified Over the Top Technique
MPS – Mucopolysaccharidosis
MR – Mitral Regurgitation
MRIT – Medial Retinacular Imbrication Techique – (Flo Technique)
MRSA – Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MSU – Michigan State University
MVD – MicroVascular Dysplasia
NAD – No Abnormalities Detected
NAF – No Abnormal Findings
NDI – Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
NMDA – N-methyl-D-aspartate
NME – Necrolytic Migratory Erythema (human dermatology term for SND, glucagonoma syndrome)
NPE – Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema
NPO – Nothing Per Os (no food/no water)
NSA – Normal Sinus Arrhythmia
NSF – No Significant Findings
NSIA – Nuclear Sclerosis Iris Atrophy
NSIAOU – Nuclear Sclerosis Iris Atrophy Both Eyes
NSR – Normal Sinus Rhythm
NSU – No Significant Change from last exam
NVL – No Visible Lesions
OSI – Owner Stopped In
OTT – Over the Top Technique
PCFO – Phone Call From Owner
PCR – Polymerase Chain Reaction
PCTO – Phone Call To Owner
PCV – Packed Cell Volume
PDH – Pituitary Dependent Hyperadrenocorticism
PE – Physical Examination
PE – Pulmonary Edema
PITA – Pain In The Ass (note: If the client inadvertantly sees PITA notation, the staff is instructed to assure them it means, “Patient Important – Treat Accordingly”)
Pl Eff – Pleural Effusion
PLE – Protein Losing Enteropathy
PLN – Protein Losing Nephropathy
PO – Orally
POMM – problem-oriented medical management
PPA – Phenylpropanolamine
PPID – Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (Equine Cushing’s)
PPMSH – Past Pertinent Medical & Surgical History
PRN – as needed
PSOM – Primary Secretory Otitis Media
PU/PD – polyuric/polydypsic
Px – Prognosis
QAR – Quiet, Alert, Responsive
QID – 4 times daily
QD – Every Day
QOD – Every other day
Q.S. – Quantum Sufficit, Quantum Satis, Quantum Sufficiat, “Quantity Sufficient”
R/O- Rule-out
RAAS – Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
RA – Right Atrium
RBC – Red Blood Cell
RBF – Renal Blood Flow
RDVM – Referring Veterinary Colleague
RER – Resting Energy Requirement
R/O – Rule Out
RTA – Road Traffic Accident; or Renal Tubular Acidosis
RTT – Response To Treatment
RUIN – Radial Ulnar Ischemic Necrosis
RV – Right Ventricle
RVN – Registered Veterinary Nurse
RVT – Registered Veterinary Technician
Rx – Prescription
SA – Sinus Arrhythmia
SAM – Systolic Anterior Motion (of the septal mitral valve leaflet)
SARDS – Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome
SAS – SubAortic Stenosis
SBI – Something Bad Inside (along the lines of ADR, when an animal is seriously ill but has no specific Dx yet)
SF – Shortening Fraction
SHOVE IT – (Mnemonic for Scrotum Masses) Spermatocele, Hydrocele/Haematocele, Orchitis, Varicocele, Epidymal cyst, Indirect inguinal hernia, Torsion/Tumor
SIADH – Syndrome of Inappropriate AntiDiuretic Hormone
SIBO – Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth
SID – Once per day
SIPS – Sub-Involution of Placental Sites
SMZ – Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole or Sulfadiazine
SND – Superficial Necrolytic Dermatitis (synonym for NME, hepatocutaneous syndrome)
SOAP – subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SX – Surgery
TCM – Traditional Chinese Medicine
TDG – TransDermal Gel
TDN – Total Digestable Nutrients
TgAA – Thyroglobulin AutoAntibody
TID – Three times per day
TLI – Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity
TMJ – Temporomandibular Joint
TMPS – Trimethoprim-sulfadiazine
TNTC – Too Numerous To Count
TP – Total Protein
TPLO – Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy
TPO – Triple Pelvic Osteotomy
TTA – Tibial Tuberosity Advancement
TTCO – Tried To Call Owner
TTOP – Talked To Owner on Phone
TTTT – Travel, ticks, toxins, trauma
Tx – Treatment
U – Urine
UA – UrinAlysis
UAP – Ununited Anconeal Process
UPC – urine protein:creatinine ratio
URI – Upper Respiratory Infection
US – ultrasound
USMI – Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence
UTD – Up To Date
UTI – Urinary Tract Infection
V – Vomiting
VA – Veterinary Assistant
V/D – Vomitting/diarrhea
VELCAP-L, VELCAP-S – Vincristine, Elspar, Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Prednisone (L for Long; the S for Short, in terms of treatment time)
VPC – Ventricular Premature Contraction
Vx/Vax – Vaccines
WNL – Within Normal limits, or We Never Looked
Common Nonmedical Terms
AFAIK – As Far As I Know
ASAP – As Soon As Possible
BTW – By The Way
FWIW – For What It’s Worth
GMTA – Great Minds Think Alike
IMO – In My Opinion
IMHO – In My Humble Opinion
IMNSHO – In My Not So Humble Opinion
LMK – Let Me Know
LMOM – Left Message On Machine
LOL – Laugh Out Loud
MBSV – Must Be Some Virus
ROFL – Rolling on The Floor Laughing
TBH – To Be Honest
WRT – With Respect to
YMMV – Your Mileage May Vary

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